Unstable Frontiers: Technomedicine and the Cultural Politics of Curing AIDS (Gay & Lesbian Studies)

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Rhine Indiana University Press, And Still More Drama! Milkie, Melissa A.

Fathering, Vol. VFW Magazine, Vol. Moreau, Jeanne The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Alleyn, Edward The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. John Iliffe stresses historical sequence.

Queer Culture

He argues that Africa has had the worst epidemic because the disease was established in the general population before anyone knew the disease existed. HIV evolved with extraordinary speed and complexity, and because that evolution took place under the eyes of modern medical research scientists, Iliffe has been able to write a history of the virus itself that is probably unique among accounts of human epidemic diseases.

In giving the African experience a historical shape, Iliffe has written one of the most important books of our time. In recent years, the economy of the Caribbean has become almost completely dependent on international tourism. And today one of the chief ways that foreign visitors there seek pleasure is through prostitution. While much has been written on the female sex workers who service these tourists, Caribbean Pleasure Industry shifts the focus onto the men. Drawing on his groundbreaking ethnographic research in the Dominican Republic, Mark Padilla discovers a complex world where the global political and economic impact of tourism has led to shifting sexual identities, growing economic pressures, and new challenges for HIV prevention.

In Zimbabwe, 45 percent of children under the age of five are HIV-positive, and the epidemic has shortened life expectancy by twenty-two years. Heterosexual Africa? The AIDS epidemic soured the memory of the sexual revolution and gay liberation of the s, and prominent politicians, commentators, and academics instructed gay men to forget the sexual cultures of the s in order to ensure a healthy future.

But without memory there can be no future, argue Christopher Castiglia and Christopher Reed in this exploration of the struggle over gay memory that marked the decades following the onset of AIDS. Challenging many of the assumptions behind first-wave queer theory, If Memory Serves offers a new perspective on the emergence of contemporary queer culture from the suppression and repression of gay memory.

Drawing on a rich archive of videos, films, television shows, novels, monuments, paintings, and sculptures created in the wake of the epidemic, the authors reveal a resistance among critics to valuing—even recognizing—the inscription of gay memory in art, literature, popular culture, and the built environment. Levine, Peter M.

Nardi, and John H. Slotten University of Chicago Press, H55H35 Challenging the entrenched media politics of who gets to speak, how, and to whom, Hallas offers a bold reconsideration of the intersubjective relations that connect filmmakers, subjects, and viewers. He explains how queer testimony reframes AIDS witnesses and their speech through its striking combination of direct address and aesthetic experimentation.

In addition, Hallas engages recent historical changes and media transformations that have not only displaced queer AIDS media from activism to the archive, but also created new witnessing dynamics through the logics of the database and the remix. Unstable Frontiers was first published in Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions.

How such a seeming paradox works-and how it may well work against the proper treatment of the disease-is the subject of Unstable Frontiers, a probing, critical look at the cultural politics behind the quest for a cure for AIDS. This massive commercial and scientific project, John Erni suggests, actually hinges on our contradictory definitions of the disease as curable and incurable at the same time.


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His work makes a major advance in our understanding of—and, perhaps, humane response to—a national crisis. In his critique of the logic and fantasies underlying the double definition of AIDS, Erni explores a broad range of issues: the scientific paradigm used to develop AZT; the politics of alternative treatment practices, of clinical drug trials, and of AIDS activism; and the notions of time and temporality operating in AIDS treatment science. Unique in its approach to a social and political issue still in the making, the book reveals how AIDS has challenged technomedicine's historical position of authority-and in doing so, recasts this challenge in a powerful and ultimately hopeful way.

More to explore Recently published by academic presses. However, by profiling the largest city in this land-locked Latin American country, Carina Heckert shows how global health-funded HIV care programs at times clash with local realities, which can have catastrophic effects for people living with HIV who must rely on global health resources to survive.

These ethnographic insights, as a result, can be applied to AIDS programs across the globe. In Fault Lines of Care , Heckert provides a detailed examination of the effects of global health and governmental policy decisions on the everyday lives of people living with HIV in Santa Cruz.

She focuses on the gendered dynamics that play a role in the development and implementation of HIV care programs and shows how decisions made from above impact what happens on the ground. This is an eloquently written, accessible book, based on a rich and diverse range of sources, that will find enthusiastic audiences in classrooms and in the general public.

Epprecht argues that Africans, just like people all over the world, have always had a range of sexualities and sexual identities. Over the course of the last two centuries, however, African societies south of the Sahara have come to be viewed as singularly heterosexual. Epprecht carefully traces the many routes by which this singularity, this heteronormativity, became a dominant culture.

Critical Investments: AIDS, Christopher Reeve, and Queer/Disability Studies | SpringerLink

He does this with a light enough hand that his story is not bogged down by endless references to particular debates. Amy Hoffman, a writer, lesbian activist, and former editor of Gay Community News, chronicles with fury and unflinching honesty her experience serving as primary caretaker for her friend and colleague, Mike Riegle, who died from AIDS-related complications in Hoffman neither idealizes nor deifies Riegle, whom she portrays as a brilliant man, devoted prison rights activist, and very difficult friend. She tells of the waves of grief that echoed throughout her life, awakening memories of other losses, entering her dreams and fantasies, and altering her relationships with friends, family, and even total strangers.

A foreword by Urvashi Vaid, former executive director of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, offers a meditation on the politics of AIDS and the role of family in the lives of lesbians and gay men.


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Treichler has become a singularly important voice among the significant theorists on the AIDS crisis. Dissecting the cultural politics surrounding representations of HIV and AIDS, her work has altered the field of cultural studies by establishing medicine as a legitimate focus for cultural analysis. They also suggest ways to understand and choose between overlapping or competing discourses.

She also examines representations of women and AIDS, treatment issues, and the role of activism in shaping the politics of the epidemic.

AIDS and Anthropology Bibliography - Chronological

Linking the AIDS tragedy to a uniquely broad spectrum of contemporary theory and culture, this collection concludes with an essay on the continued importance of theoretical thought for untangling the sociocultural phenomena of AIDS—and for tackling the disease itself. With an exhaustive bibliography of critical and theoretical writings on HIV and AIDS, this long-awaited volume will be essential to all those invested in studying the course of AIDS, its devastating medical effects, and its massive impact on contemporary culture.

Article excerpt

Representative of both marginalized and mainstream peoples, the Quilt contains crucial material and symbolic implications for mourning the dead, and the treatment and prevention of AIDS. However, the project has raised numerous questions concerning memory, activism, identity, ownership, and nationalism, as well as issues of sexuality, race, class, and gender.

As thought-provoking as the Quilt itself, this diverse collection of essays by ten prominent rhetorical scholars provides a rich experience of the AIDS Quilt, incorporating a variety of perspectives, critiques, and interpretations. During the intervening years, when antiretrovirals were scarce in Africa, triage decisions were made determining who would receive lifesaving treatment. Nguyen explains how those decisions altered social relations in West Africa. Being able to talk about oneself became a matter of life or death. Tracing the cultural and political logic of triage back to colonial classification systems, Nguyen shows how it persists in contemporary attempts to design, fund, and implement mass treatment programs in the developing world.

He argues that as an enactment of decisions about who may live, triage constitutes a partial, mobile form of sovereignty: what might be called therapeutic sovereignty. A new afterword to the paperback edition discusses changes in testing technology, treatments, and public health responses in the last ten years. The ultimate goal of Risky Rhetoric is to offer strategies to policy makers, HIV educators and test counselors, and other rhetors for developing more responsive and egalitarian testing-related rhetorics and practices.

Black Rutgers University Press, Speech and Song at the Margins of Global Health tells the story of a unique Zulu gospel choir comprised of people living with HIV in South Africa, and how they maintained healthy, productive lives amid globalized inequality, international aid, and the stigma that often comes with having HIV. By singing, joking, and narrating about HIV in Zulu, the performers in the choir were able to engage with international audiences, connect with global health professionals, and also maintain traditional familial respect through the prism of performance.

This viewpoint suggests overlooked ways that aid recipients contribute to global health in support, counseling, and activism, as the performers set up instruments, waited around in hotel lobbies, and struck up conversations with passersby and audience members. The story of the choir reveals the complexity and inequities of global health interventions, but also the positive impact of those interventions in the crafting of community. Rising above the details of her own case, Schulman boldly uses her suspicions of copyright infringement as an opportunity to initiate a larger conversation on how AIDS and gay experience are being represented in American art and commerce.

Closely recounting her discovery of the ways in which Rent took materials from her own novel, Schulman takes us on her riveting and infuriating journey through the power structures of New York theater and media, a journey she pursued to seek legal restitution and make her voice heard. She argues that these often neglected works and performances provide more nuanced and accurate depictions of the lives of gay men, Latinos, blacks, lesbians and people with AIDS than popular works seen in full houses on Broadway stages.

Schulman brings her discussion full circle with an incisive look at how gay and lesbian culture has become rapidly commodified, not only by mainstream theater productions such as Rent but also by its reduction into a mere demographic made palatable for niche marketing. Over the next five years, until his death, he became a major intellectual presence in Australia. Results by Title. Stephanie Kane layers stories of individuals and events -- from Chicago to Belize City, to cyberspace -- to illustrate the paths of HIV infection and the effects of environment, government intervention, and social mores.

Linking ordinary yet kindred lives in communities around the globe, Kane challenges the assumptions underlying the use of police and courts to solve health problems. The stories reveal the dynamics that determine how the policy decisions of white-collar health care professionals actually play out in real life. By focusing on life-changing social problems, the narratives highlight the contradictions between public health and criminal law.

Look at how HIV has transformed our social consciousness, from intimate touch to institutional outreach. But, Kane argues, these changes are dwarfed by the United States's refusal to stop the war on drugs, in effect misdirecting resources and awareness. AIDS Alibis combines empirical and interpretive methods in a path-breaking attempt to recognize the extent to which coercive institutional practices are implicated in HIV transmission patterns.

Kane shows how th e virus feeds on the politics of inequality and indifference, even as it exploits the human need for intimacy and release. Thomas Yingling was a rising star in American studies, a leading figure in gay and lesbian studies, and a prominent theorist of AIDS and cultural politics when he died in AIDS Theory, Queer Theory, and Disability Theory and permanently contested around that binary opposition and how desires and identities do or do not fit neatly within such a model. Both the disability rights movement and disability studies have attempted to provide a far-reaching reconceptualization of how contemporary cultures function according to models of ability, productivity, efficiency, flexibility that privilege nondisabled and docile bodies and identities.

Identification of the ways in which able-bodied ideas are figuratively and literally built into contemporary society helped secure passage of the landmark Americans with Disabilities Act ADA in , and the concomitant revaluation of a range of corporealities currently sustains vibrant activist and intellectual communities concerned with the development of alternative disability identities and cultures. Mitchell and Sharon L. This methodological distancing was necessary because identity studies resignified cultural beliefs grounded in material differences, real or imagined.

Some of the foundational work in disability studies that expands on much of what I have detailed in this paragraph includes Davis , , Garland-Thomson , Linton , and Mitchell and Snyder , They complicate this insight, however, by suggesting that methodological distancing takes place within disability communi- ties as well, most obviously as people with physical disabilities distance themselves from those with cognitive disabilities. The processes that Mitchell and Snyder delineate, in fact, seem particularly pronounced, in both directions, with AIDS. The central thesis of my paper will be considering, in other words, why an alliance that is already implicit should be made explicit.

I call in this essay for critical investments—an in- vestment in disability theory on the part of cultural workers concerned with AIDS, an investment in AIDS and queer theory on the part of disability activists. From one perspective, in fact, the Superbowl is a site that like most other sporting events could be understood as a showcase for able-bodied performance. From another, however, because of the ever-present threat of catastrophic injury, it is a site where the absolute contingency of able- bodied identity is made manifest. One commer- cial, in particular, garnered an unprecedented amount of media attention—the four million-dollar ad for the Nuveen Investment Corporation.

The events represented in the commercial take place sometime after , although no exact date is given. The New York City skyline looks slightly different, but is still recognizable, and Christopher Reeve— who plays the central role in this commercial—looks about the same age as he did in the late s. In other words, the Nuveen commercial is set in the very near future. What amazing things can you make happen? Leave your mark.

Nuveen Investments. Despite the lack of irony in the mainstream media, however, some positive arguments were articulated in the aftermath of the Nuveen advertisement.